The church in Thessalonica was full of faithful people, but young—they needed guidance to mature and grow. There was a misunderstanding about the timing of Christ’s second coming. The people were confused and sad when their loved ones began to die before Christ’s return. Paul intended to clear the confusion and give them praise, hope and assurance during this time of persecution and loneliness.
“For since we believe that Jesus died and was raised to life again, we also believe that when Jesus returns, God will bring back with him the believers who have died.” (1 Thessalonians 4:14)
“May the Lord lead your hearts into a full understanding and expression of the love of God and the patient endurance that comes from Christ.” (2 Thessalonians 3:5)